Notes

Week 38-40

Jan 30, 2017

January was a month dominated by submitting Master's applications (a full-time job really) and preparing for a new position:

From February 15th I'll join MIT's Senseable City Lab in Boston as a Research Fellow with a focus on data visualization and creative coding.
I am really excited about this opportunity to work with and learn from the bright people at MIT! Until recently, I was also excited about moving to the United States. However, now that the new US administration has taken a course with undermindes many of the values I cherish as a European, some of that excitement has faded. At this time, I am not sure how to respond.

Something else: This weekend someone posted the Camera Restricta movie on Reddit's /r/photography, which was followed by an interesting discussion (and sent the video views past 300,000 plays).

While many users brought up valid arguments, there was again the usual portion of hate and misunderstanding. Although this surely is (to some extend) inherent to the internet as a medium, I noticed how again and again people get upset by the technical details. I was always aware that you can't judge the quality of a potential photo by counting the geotags nearby. I was simplyfing to make a point. Still, this is what people get carried away with, missing the overall idea.

My takeaway for future projects is to give away less of the technical implementation and create a more of a black box that opens up for imagination.

Week 37

Jan 7, 2017

Happy new year! After dropping my external harddrive for Christmas, many hours of the past weeks were spent recovering files from the cloud (it sucks). Lesson learned: always keep an on-site backup.

Still, 2017 is off to a great start. I will give a talk about my work at This Happened, a “series of events about the stories behind interaction design.” I have never done this before. See you on January 25th at HBK Braunschweig, DE.

There's another thing that has been cooking for a looong time. Jonas, Stephan and I along with Raising Robotic Natives are part of an exhibition at Vitra Design Museum! It's incredible.

Christoph Niemann, »Robot Morph«, 2016, © Christoph Niemann

“Hello, Robot. Design between Human and Machine” opens February 10 at Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein. I'm super super excited to be part of this, especially amongst so many great artists and designers that actually were an inspiration for our project.

[…] Vitra Design Museum thoroughly examines the current robotics boom for the first time. The exhibition presents a variety of exhibits, including examples of robots for the homes, industry or medicine, but also media installations, computer games and examples from film and literature. It will demonstrate how robotics is changing our lives today – and how design is changing robotics. At the same time, it broadens our perspective ofthe ethical and political issues associated with robotics today. The show features more than 150 objects including works by Bruce Sterling, Douglas Coupland, Joris Laarman, Carlo Ratti, Dunne & Raby, and Philip Beesley.

See you at the opening?

Week 32-36

Dec 30, 2016

This note marks 36 weeks since I wrote the first weeknote on May 1st. Although I didn't post every week (14 weeknotes), I consider the whole thing a success. Turns out, other people actually read them too. This lead to a couple of interesting conversations and even to making a new friend.

Having a public notebook (and a geeky command line interface for writing and publishing) also got me to write four “non-weeknote” posts. Those articles, although admittedly only reciting passages from books, make me want to write more original content in 2017. It's just somehow scary to publish your own thoughts. Let's see.

2016 was great for me professionally, mostly because rewards for projects from 2015 turned up throughout the year. The most exciting part was getting to travel to Ireland, Switzerland and the United States to see exhibitions of my projects. I feel pretty lucky :)

Next year is set to be just as awesome and I can't wait to share what's coming up. To keep this a recap, I'll push that to next week. Have a Happy New Year, everyone!

Why take photos?

Dec 3, 2016

I finally got around to start reading Susan Sontag's On Photography, which is essential reading that I should have done before or while working on Camera Restricta and that I picked up in many bookshops — around the globe really — but never ended up buying.

At the beginning of the book, describing the camera as “the device that makes real what one is experiencing”, Sontag makes the point that tourist photography both certifies and prevents the experience that is being documented.

It's a lenghty quote I'm afraid, but read on until the end! I think it's quite funny:

As photographs give people an imaginary possession of a past that is unreal, they also help people to take possession of space in which they are insecure. Thus, photography develops in tandem with one of the most characteristic of modern activities: tourism. [...] Photographs will offer indisputable evidence that the trip was made, that the program was carried out, that fun was had.
A way of certifying experience, taking photographs is also a way of refusing it—by limiting experience to a search for the photogenic, by converting experience into an image, a souvenir. Travel becomes a strategy for accumulating photographs. The very activity of taking pictures is soothing, and assuages general feelings of disorientation that are likely to be exacerbated by travel. Most tourists feel compelled to put the camera between themselves and whatever is remarkable that they encounter. Unsure of other responses, they take a picture. This gives shape to experience: stop, take a photograph, and move on. The method especially appeals to people handicapped by a ruthless work ethic—Germans, Japanese, and Americans. Using a camera appeases the anxiety which the work-driven feel about not working when they are on vacation and supposed to be having fun. They have something to do that is like a friendly imitation of work: they can take pictures.
Sontag, Susan (1977), On Photography, Penguin Books, London

Week 28-31

Nov 27, 2016

After returning from the US a couple of weeks ago (and posting a couple of photos over there) there was the pleasant surprise that Roads to Rome won a Silver Award in the DataViz Project category at the Information is Beautiful Awards in London.

By now, everything is back to normal. I'm in Berlin for a couple weeks, working on several freelance projects and a new personal thing. It's about photography, again, and has been teased here and here.

Week 26-27

Oct 29, 2016

I'm in New York City: my first time in the US (and on the continent, in fact). It's very interesting because everything seems so familiar — probably as a result of growing up with American media — but is still subtly weird. If in Frankfurt I had boarded another plane and had flown eastbound for an equal distance, there would have been a much more noticeable contrast in culture.

I joined the fantastic folks at moovel lab, to exhibit Roads to Rome at the IEEE VIS Arts Program in Baltimore. For a more-academic-than-usual take on our project, read the conference paper.

In New York, I'll attend the Graduate National Portfolio Day and then fly to Los Angeles on Tuesday to visit ArtCenter and UCLA. Exiting times!

What do you do when you're trapped in a flying pipe for hours? You read. GoatMan by Thomas Thwaites, for example:

I tried to become a goat to escape the angst inherent in being a human. The project became an exploration of how close modern technology can take us to fulfilling an ancient human dream: to take on characteristics from other animals. [...]

Anyway I ended up in the Alps, on four legs, at a goat farm, with a prosthetic rumen strapped to my chest, eating grass, and becoming a goat.

It's a hilarious read, following Thomas' insightful consultations with various experts on his quest to take a holiday from being human: "The dream is to gallop".

The Politics of Design

Oct 21, 2016

I just finished reading The Politics of Design by Ruben Pater.

Are we as creative professionals really aware of the political meaning and impact of our work in today’s network society? This book examines cultural contexts and stereotypes with visual examples from around the world. It demonstrates that communication tools are never neutral, and encourages its users to rethink global cultural understanding.

The book is a concise collection of examples, organized according to formal elements of (graphic) design: language and typography, colour and contrast, image and photography, symbols and icons, and information graphics.

I'd like to expand on one example from the book that I found particularly interesting, although it actually is more of an example for cultural/racial bias in engineering than in design. Meet Shirley:

A Kodak Shirley Card
A Kodak Shirley Card. It's re-staged by artists Adam Broomberg and Oliver Chanarin, if I understand it correctly. Source

So-called “Shirley Cards” were used by Kodak in the 1950s, 60s and 70s to calibrate colour film for white skin just like Shirley's, which made people of other races appear too dark in the pictures. Ruben Pater writes:

Test images are designed to represent a default, a set of standards for optimal image analysis. But tools are never completely neutral, and their settings reflect the cultural bias of the technicians who calibrate them.
— The Politics of Design, p. 90

This demonstrates that we as designers don't just need to be aware of political implications inside the designs we produce, but that even the tools and methods we used to arrive at that outcome impose on use the political context of their creation.

Bachelor Project Online

Oct 20, 2016

Stephan and I released our bachelor project this week. Human Element Inc. consists of three speculative crowdwork services for everyday life.

There's also 200 pages worth of documentation of the process and project. You can download it here [German, 43.5mb]. I put quite some love into the book, but didn't get to take proper photos of it yet. Look at these shitty ones in the meantime:

Cover
The cover illustration depicts patent EP 0062955 B1 by inventor Willem Van Muyden: a bee hive with numerous features designed to increase wellbeing of the colony and ultimately honey yield. — In the media, a worker bee metaphor is often used to describe crowdworkers. Web platforms are their hives, subject to outside manipulation beyond the worker's control.
img/ba-doku.jpg
Always use the future cone!
Documentation Photo
The book features an advertisement by crowdwork company Human Element Inc.

Week 23-25

Oct 16, 2016

The past few weeks I've been buried in paperwork and writing related to my upcoming Masters applications. Right now, I'm making some generative cover artworks for musician Rolf Gold and work with moovel lab on updates to the Roads to Rome project.

Speaking of which: We're shortlisted for the Information is Beautiful Awards and would appreciate if you give us your vote.

It's even more exciting that we'll be part of the Arts Program at the IEEE VIS 2016 Conference in Baltimore. Benedikt, Raphael and me are going to be there Oct. 23rd to 28th, presenting a paper and huge prints from the project.

Afterwards, I'm going to spend another week in the US. I'll be in New York until 1/11 and in Los Angeles until 5/11. Let me know if you want to have a chat over coffee!

Weeknote 22

Sep 25, 2016

After my trip to Science Gallery in Dublin, I finally got to write up a small documentation page for Unseen Portraits 2. Over the course of the exhibition, which ends today, the installation took almost 20.000 unseen portraits of visitors. I'm very happy with how everything turned out.

Now, here are two more photography projects I saw and liked at Festival Images de Vevey:

Firstly, Icons by Jojakim Cortis and Adrian Sonderegger recreates historic photographs in miniature. I found the attention to detail to be ingenious and the end results really amusing.

Secondly, the photos of Mangini Studio Series by Terry Brown & Gordon Stettinius are not only hilarious, but illustrate very effectively how perception of a personality is led by physical appearance:

For eight years, Gordon Stettinius has played with his own image by growing and dyeing his hair and sculpting his beard for Terry Brown to take regular headshots of him in the purest American tradition of studio photography. While he changes from one look to another, the artist is confronted with society’s perception of him and what started as a simple artistic project soon leads to great introspection. This wacky series illustrates the absurdity of prejudice based on physical appearance through a gallery of flamboyant characters embodied by Stettinius himself, giving the impression that the artist has lived 1,001 different lives.
Festival Images de Vevey

Snapshot Photography, Now and Then

Sep 21, 2016

Catherine Zuromskis, author of Snapshot Photography, argues that snapshot photos are not meaningless and too ubiquitous, but part of a cultural ritual.

In a recent essay, Zuromskis also briefly touched on Camera Restricta and explained why amateur photographers might be just fine without my camera after all:

[Camera Restricta is] a digital camera that uses Global Positioning System (GPS) data to prevent the user from taking photographs in overly photographed locations. While a device like this suggests that our compulsion to repeat ourselves is so great that we need technology to push us to be more creative, I would suggest that this tendency toward convention represents more than just a lack of originality on the part of amateur photographers. Rather, it is central to what personal photographs mean. Subscribing to photographic conventions is a way of using photography not just to document the world, but to frame our relation to it, to cast our lot with a particular group and to craft our identity through a constellation of images. Unlike fine art photography, personal photography is less about creating something wholly unique and more about producing and circulating an image that fits a particular ideology.
— Zuromskis, C. (2016). Snapshot Photography, Now and Then: Making, Sharing, and Liking Photographs at the Digital Frontier. Afterimage, 44(1/2), 18

My project looked at snapshot photography as documentation ad infinitum. Seeing it as an endeavour to “craft our identity through a constellation of images” opens up for new investigations. Can you systemize identity creation through photos? Do certain times or places carry in their photographic motive a specific ideology or identity? And if so, can this be manipulated through interventions to the site, e.g. as a means of urban planning?

Week 19-21

Sep 18, 2016

For the past weekend I've been at Festival Images de Vevey, Switzerland. The festival is Switzerland's first visual arts biennale and I had the pleasure to present Camera Restricta.

Images presents photography exhibitions scatttered over the city of Vevey. What makes the festival great is that they've gone well beyond displaying photos on Gallery walls, but sensitively integrate them into the cityscape: on large-scale prints that cover entire facades, in hotel rooms, underwater, outdoors, in trees, etc. Often, a photo will be so well placed that the image or series is enhanced considerably by the surroundings. I was very impressed and had a wonderful time with the super-friendly staff! Images is still on until October 2, 2016.

image
Image: Martin Parr, Think of Switzerland, 2012 / Courtesy Nicola von Senger

During the weekend, I discovered several impressive photographs that I'd like to share now (and maybe next week):

Firstly, there's Simon Roberts, whose series The Last Moment very much relates to my own interests in that it investigates amateur photography in public spaces.

Another project that really impressed me was BYE BYE by Michael Schirmer. He took globally recognizable photos and removed all traces of the protagonists, thus creating a series of uncomfortably incomplete sceneries. You immediately start to reconstruct what should be there:

image
Image: Michael Schirner, BYE BYE, NOR44, 2002 – 2010, Digigraphie by Epson

Week 18

Aug 29, 2016

I've moved out of my old apartment over the weekend, which is sad. But this site moved to a new font: HK Grotesk by Alfredo Marco Pradil, which is nice. It also deploys via git now. I think I can start to call this command-line thing a “CMS”.

Not that anyone would care, but I finished two books recently: Firstly, A Burglar's Guide to the City by Geoff Manaugh, author of the fantastic BLDGBLOG. Really enjoyed this one!

Studying architecture the way a burglar would, Geoff Manaugh takes readers through walls, down elevator shafts, into panic rooms, and out across the rooftops of an unsuspecting city.

Then there's Utopia by Thomas More. It's a classic, but in there's not much to it beyond “okay” if you don't invest in studying all the political background info (which I did only shallowly).

Week #11 to #17

Aug 21, 2016

I decided that calling them weeknotes doesn't imply that I need to publish them weekly.

Just over one month ago, I finished my Bachelor Degree in Interaction Design and went straight into design-hibernation. I travelled to Denmark to visit old friends and stayed in Croatia for a week for defrosting. I got a tan on my forearms.

I'm working on a small update for Roads to Rome and do some graphic design work for a friend's musical endeavours. I'm also available for smallish freelance projects or collaborations!

Apart from that I'm researching programs for a Master's degree in Design to start next year. At HfG we were taught excellent fundamentals and a structured, analytical way of design for problem-solving. I'm looking for a complementary program now: an experimental approach that questions what else design could be.

I'm mostly writing this for sorting my thoughts, but please email me if you have any suggestions!

What's next? I'll be in Dublin at Science Gallery the first weekend of September. Then, Camera Restricta is part of the biennal Images Festival in Vevey, Switzerland from 10 Sept. 10th to Oct. 2nd. See you there on the 16th!

Weeknote #7 to #10

Jul 3, 2016

It's been a while. I've been camping in an editing room for the past days, cutting a video for my bachelor project. It's all coming together now after all and about to be finished.

In the meantime, the exhibition SEEING has launched at Science Gallery in Dublin together with Stephans and my piece Unseen Portraits 2. We're very proud of our first real exhibition ever, still praying that nothing will break. Visitors took more than 3.500 unseen portraits in the first week and you can see all of them online here.

On June 28th, Apple was granted a patent. This one is particularly interesting for me, because it in some way transforms my Camera Restricta from speculation into prediction. The patent introduces a system that uses the iPhone's camera detecting an infrared signal in order to prevent photo capturing in certain locations. There's a band playing on the patent illustration (see below).

Wow! It's intriguing and terrifying. With Camera Restricta, I had imagined a GPS-dependent restriction system, which obviously is easy to disable. Either you turn off GPS, or – if that is not an option – you wrap your camera in tinfoil to get the shot. Now the Apple system transmits information invisibly via the very sensor that you're trying to take the photo with. There is no opt-out.

Let's see if this is going to become a reality.

image

(C) Image: USPTO

Weeknote #5 and #6

Jun 3, 2016

I missed last week's note, so here's a double. The last weeks of my bachelor project have begun, the pulse quickens. The project is about a possible future of crowdwork (i.e. online microjobbing) where everyone can become worker or employer at any time and switch between those roles constantly. There is also a fictional company named Human Element. If anyone is reading this – stay tuned.

Three other good things of the kind that I'd share online happened in the last week:

Camera Restricta was honored Student Notable at the Core 77 Design Awards in the Speculative Concepts category. There's some great work amongst the winners that you should check out.

Also, Stephan and I finished and boxed the Unseen Portraits 2 exhibit for Science Gallery Dublin, which is good. Now we really hope that it will work. It's our first interactive exhibit, which is scary.

I bought a new book, too. It's the Haiku Book by artist Rafaël Rozendaal:

thinking about
doing sit-ups
never mind

He has a lot of them online for free, too.

Weeknote #4

May 22, 2016

I'm already wondering I should turn weekly to monthly notes. There's just not that much happening here. Maybe this is some kind of a link-sharing thing?

Watch Keiichi Matsudas Hyper Reality, if you haven't already. It's a bubble gum coloured vision of a world where Analog and Digital have merged. My favorite moment is at 04:00 when the VR is turned off — revealing physical tracking markers and technology that keeps the virtual layer in place.

While thinking about what I should do this summer when I finish school, I made some progress in The Art of Travel. The chapter I'm currenly reading deals with how we feel obliged to visit certain sights when we travel somewhere.

Travel twists our curiosity according to a superficial geographical logic, as superficial as if a university course were to prescribe books according to their size rather than subject matter.

The accumulation of places that apparently make out a city or region can't possibly all match one's interests. Still, guidebooks collect “must-see” locations and try to make you feel for not seeing this and that.

Weeknote #3

May 14, 2016

Stephan and I built a better testing setup for the Unseen Portraits exhibit and it's coming along nicely. A friend is helping us with building a camera mount. Thanks, Jan!

BA-related, we had a mid-term presentation on Wednesday that went pretty smoothly. There are so many ideas slowly starting to take shape. I'm excited to start making things.

On the nerdy side, I wrote a command line interface for my website. It's a static site, built from templates and a content.json file using grunt-bake. Before, I had to manually create a note file, pick an URL and add the metadata to the content.json. With pscli (philipp schmitt command line interface ;) I can create notes from the terminal, fast. This may or may not prolong my blogging experiment.

Weeknote #2

MAY 09, 2016

While it’s getting summer outside, I’ve spent the whole weekend in the office. We’re building an exhibit for Science Gallery Dublin. It is an adapted version of my Unseen Portraits project from last year, but interactive for the visitors.

This week I’ve been impressed with Sunspring, a screenplay written entirely by a computer program. Not only did the software write the script, it then went on to manipulate online votes to make sure it won the contest. Read about it here, it’s hilarious.

Weeknote #1

MAY 01, 2016

Week one of what? I’ve had a blog before. I started it mainly because I was excited about creating a Wordpress theme and abandoned it soon afterwards. Still, sometimes I wish I had a place to post a note that exceeds 140 characters. This thing might become such a place or be abandoned soon, too. The format is inspired by precious.

Stephan and me are busy working on our bachelor project. It’s an exciting time for me — excitement to get to devote four months to a project while constantly worrying if everything is going to work out just fine. Are we working too slow, too fast, on the right things? It will be fine.

On another note, I’m currently reading The Art of Travel. It is not a book telling you where to travel to, but looks at why we really wanted to go there in the first place — travel philosophy. Here’s a (quite insignificant) paragraph about flying:

Food that, if sampled in a kitchen, would have been banal or even offensive, aquires a new taste in the presence of the clouds (like a picnic of bread and cheese that delights us when eaten on a cliff-top above a pounding sea). With the inflight tray, we make ourselves at home in this unhomely place: we appropriate the extraterrestrial landscape with the help of a chilled bread roll and a pastic tray of potato salad.


I enjoyed writing this.

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